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Switzerland History

Switzerland History

Present-day Switzerland has its origins in the "everlasting Confederation" entered into by the three earliest cantons, Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden, in 1291. After the victory of Morgarten in 1315 over the Habsburgs, further cities and regions acceded to the Confederation: Lucerne in 1332, Zurich in 1351, Glarus and Zug in 1352, Berne in 1353. These "eight ancient cantons" became the nucleus of the Swiss Confederation, which by 1513 had expanded to 13 cantons.

switzerland history

In 1499 the Confederation broke away from the German Empire, but this was not recognised legally until the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. Gradually, further territories joined the Confederation. Following a major civil war came the transition from a confederation of states to a federal state. In 1848 the Swiss electorate adopted a new constitution and Berne was chosen as the federal capital.

history of switzerland for kids

Today Switzerland consists of 26 cantons. Women were not granted the right to vote and elect representatives until 1971. In 1992 the Swiss electorate rejected accession to the European Economic Area (EEA). Since 2002 Switzerland has been a member of the UN.

Switzerland's history:

swiss history

This site covers all areas for travelling in Switzerland. It covers travels to many switzerland cities: Basel, Berne, Geneva, Zerlmat, Interlaken. There is a comprehensive travel information section: Swiss Rail Train Tickets, Switzerland Rail Train Map, Swiss Train Rail Timetable, Information, RailCards and Passes, Air Travel

This page last updated in Feb 2016